Bucklet VideoJeff Buckley - Hallelujah (Official Video)
Some of the earliest buckles known are those used by Roman soldiers to strap their body armor together and prominently on the balteus and cingulum.
Made out of bronze and expensive, these buckles were purely functional for their strength and durability vital to the individual soldier.
Bronze Roman buckles came in various types. Not only used for practical purposes, these buckles were also decorated. Type IA Roman buckles were similar to Type I buckles but differed by being long and narrow, made of double sheet metal, and attached to small D-shaped buckles primarily had dolphin-heads as decorations.
Aside from the practical use found in Roman buckles, Scythian and Sarmatian buckles incorporated animal motifs that were characteristic to their respective decorative arts.
These motifs were imported by many Germanic peoples and the belt buckles were evident in the graves of the Franks and Burgundies.
And throughout the Middle Ages, the buckle was used mostly for ornamentation until the second half of the 14th century where the knightly belt and buckle took on its most splendid form.
Buckles remained exclusively for the wealthy until the 15th century where improved manufacturing techniques made it possible to easily produce a cheaper molded item available to the general population.
The buckle essentially consists of four main components: The oldest Roman buckles are of a simple "D"-shaped frame, in which the prong or tongue extends from one side to the other.
In the 14th century, buckles with a double-loop or "8"-shaped frame emerged. The prongs of these buckles attach to the center post.
The appearance of multi-part buckles with chapes and removable pins, which were commonly found on shoes, occurred in the 17th century. The frame is the most visible part of the buckle and holds the other parts of the buckle together.
Buckle frames come in various shapes, sizes, and decorations. The shape of the frame could be a plain square or rectangle, but may be oval or made into a circular shape.
A reverse curve of the frame indicated that the whole buckle was intended to be used for securing a thick material, such as leather. This reverse curve shape made it easier to thread the intended thick material end over the bar.
But the shape of the frame is not limited to simply squares and ovals, the decoration of the frame itself defines the shape it will turn out to be. Since the frame is the largest part of the buckle, any and all decorations are placed on it.
Decorations range from wedged shapes, picture references to people and animals, and insignia of a desired organization.
The 'center bar' holds the tongue and the part if present that holds the tip of the strap in place is called the 'keeper' or 'keeper bar' these terms are used when additional information is needed to describe a buckle for measurements or design.
Chapes or "caps" of various designs could be fitted to the bar to enable one strap end to be secured before fastening the other, adjustable end.
This made buckles easily removable and interchangeable, leading to a significant advantage since buckles were expensive.
Buckles fitted with "T"-, anchor-, or spade-shaped chapes avoided this problem but needed a slotted end in the belt to accommodate them.
The prong also named pin is typically made out of steel or other types of metal. In conventional belts, the prong fits through the buckle to secure the material at a pre-set length.
The prong is usually referred to as the tongue of the buckle in America, as in 'lock-tongued buckle'. Prong is only used when the tongue is permanently fixed in position.
The bar served to hold the chape and prong to the frame. When prongs and chapes are removed from the buckle design, the buckle incorporated a movable bar relying on the tension of the adjusted belt to keep it in place.
The first known buckles to be used were made out of bronze for their strength and durability for military usage. For the last few hundred years, buckles have been made from brass an alloy of copper and zinc.
In the 18th century, brass buckles incorporated iron bars, chapes, and prongs due to the parts being made by different manufactures.
Silver was also used in buckle manufacturing for its malleability and for being strong and durable with an attractive shine.
White metal, any bright metallic compound, was also used in all styles of buckles; however, if iron was present, rust will form if it is allowed to be exposed and remain in damp conditions.
Since a reasonable size flat surface was needed to make a buckle, oyster was commonly used to make these types of buckles.
The quality and color of course vary, ranging from layers of yellow and white to brown or grey. When preferred materials were scarce during the Great Depression of the s and the two World Wars, buckles became a low priority and manufactures needed to find ways to continue to produce them cheaply.
Makers turned to wood as a cheap alternative since it was easily worked by hand or simple machinery by impressing the designs onto the wood.
Grandmother always wore shoes that buckled. The student buckled to the lesson. The bridge buckled in the storm. She refused to take the medicine, but buckled under when the doctor told her to.
He was by nature a daydreamer and found it hard to buckle down. She won't start the car until we've all buckled up. Related Words for buckle twist , fold , bend , crumple , clamp , clip , catch , harness , fastening , hasp , clasp , fibula , bulge , collapse , distort , yield.
Contemporary Examples of buckle In March , he decided to buckle down, eat better and exercise regularly.
Historical Examples of buckle The scene follows in which she plays squire to Antony and helps to buckle on his armour.
English Europe deserves pro-active politicians who refuse to buckle under the terror of political correctness. English That is the only way we can strengthen the global response to try and put pressure on the regime to finally buckle and bend.
English If we continue to buckle under pressure from the European chemical industry, the aims of the programme could be watered down and devalued.
English So buckle up tight now. English But in countries which do not, it would at long last force them to buckle down and give priority to safety and health protection.
English No consumer or economic operator would buckle under the weight of such a tax, which would net more than EUR 40 billion over seven years.
English to buckle down. English I hope that the Commission does take account of each animal's individuality and does not buckle under the pressure from industry to re-admit the use of fishmeal in animal feed.
English buck teeth buck's night buck-toothed buckbean bucket bucket list bucket shop bucketed system bucketful bucketless system buckle buckler buckling bucko buckram buckrams bucks buckshot buckskin buckthorn buckwheat Mer i det tysk- svenska lexikonet.
Hänga Gubbe Hänga Gubbe Har du lust att spela? Like the best of films, or the best of art, there's something going on underneath, and there's a truth there.
And I find his stuff absolutely haunting. Buckley spent much of the next year and a half touring internationally to promote Grace.
The tour continued in Scandinavia and, throughout September, numerous concerts in Germany were played.
The tour ended on September 22 with a concert in Paris. A gig on September 24 in New York dovetailed on to the end of the European tour and Buckley and band spent the next month relaxing and rehearsing.
A tour of Canada and the U. The tour was far reaching with concerts held on both East and West Coasts of the U. The tour ended two months later on December 18 at Maxwell's in New Jersey.
The band began the tour in Dublin ; Buckley has remained particularly popular in Ireland. In late January, the band did their first tour of Japan , playing concerts and appearing for promotion of the album and newly released Japanese single "Last Goodbye".
The band returned to Europe on February 6 and toured various Western European countries before returning to the U.
Among the gigs performed during this period, Buckley and his band performed at a 19th-century-built French venue, the Bataclan , and material from the concert was recorded and later released in October of that year as a four track EP , Live from the Bataclan.
Songs from a performance on February 25, at the venue Nighttown in Rotterdam , were subsequently released as a promotional-only CD, So Real.
Touring recommenced in April with dates across the U. Following this was a month-long European tour between June 20 and July 18 in which they played many summer music festivals.
Although he had failed to fill out smaller American venues at that point of his career, both nights at the large Paris Olympia venue were sold out.
Buckley's Mystery White Boy tour, playing concerts in both Sydney and Melbourne , Australia, lasted between August 28 and September 6 and recordings of these performances were compiled and released on the live album Mystery White Boy.
Buckley was so well received during these concerts that his album Grace went gold in Australia, selling over 35, copies, and taking this into account he decided a longer tour was needed and returned for a tour of New Zealand and Australia in February the following year.
Between the two Oceanian tours, Buckley and the band took a break from touring. The concert on March 1, was the last gig he played with Buckley and his band.
Much of the material from the tours of and was recorded and released on either promotional EPs, such as the Grace EP , or posthumously on albums, such as Mystery White Boy a reference to Buckley not using his real name and Live a L'Olympia.
Many of the other concerts Buckley played during this period have surfaced on bootleg recordings. Following Johnson's departure, the band, now without a drummer, was put on hold and did not perform live again until February 12, There was a time in my life not too long ago when I could show up in a cafe and simply do what I do, make music, learn from performing my music, explore what it means to me, i.
In this situation I have that precious and irreplaceable luxury of failure, of risk, of surrender.
I worked very hard to get this kind of thing together, this work forum. I loved it and then I missed it when it disappeared.
All I am doing is reclaiming it. After completing touring in , Buckley started to write for a new album to be called My Sweetheart the Drunk.
Buckley worked with Patti Smith on her album Gone Again and met collaborator Tom Verlaine , the lead singer for the punk band Television.
Buckley asked Verlaine to be producer on the new album and he agreed. Eric Eidel played the drums through these sessions as a stop-gap between the dates drummer Matt Johnson left and before Parker Kindred joined as full-time drummer.
Together, they contributed a track to Kerouac: Kicks Joy Darkness , a Jack Kerouac tribute album. On February 4, , Buckley played a short set at The Knitting Factory 's tenth anniversary concert featuring a selection of his new songs: The set featured much of Buckley's new material that would appear on Sketches for My Sweetheart the Drunk and a recording has become one of Buckley's most widely distributed bootlegs.
He played numerous times in order to work through the new material in a live atmosphere, at first with the band then solo as part of a Monday night residency.
These recordings would go on to compose the second disc of Sketches for My Sweetheart the Drunk. However Buckley was not entirely happy with the results and he sent his band back to New York while he stayed behind to work on the songs.
The band was scheduled to return to Memphis for rehearsals and recording sessions on May On the evening of May 29, , Buckley's band flew to Memphis intending to join him in his studio there to work on the newly written material.
The same evening, Buckley went swimming in Wolf River Harbor ,  a slack water channel of the Mississippi River , while wearing boots and all of his clothing and singing the chorus of the song " Whole Lotta Love " by Led Zeppelin.
After moving a radio and guitar out of reach of the wake from a passing tugboat , Foti looked up to see that Buckley had vanished.
Despite a determined rescue effort that night as well as the morning after by scuba teams and the police, Buckley remained missing. On June 4, two locals spotted his body in the Wolf River near a riverboat, and he was brought to land.
Buckley's autopsy showed no signs of drugs or alcohol in his system, and the death was ruled as an accidental drowning.
We have a police report, a medical examiner's report, and an eye witness to prove that it was an accidental drowning, and that Mr. Buckley was in a good frame of mind prior to the accident.
Buckley's voice was a particularly distinguished aspect of his music. He possessed a tenor vocal range that ranges between three and a half to four octaves.
The pitch and volume of his singing was also highly variable, as songs such as "Mojo Pin" and "Dream Brother" began with mid-range quieter vocals before reaching louder, higher peaks near the ending of the songs.
Buckley played guitar in a variety of styles ranging from the distorted rock of "Sky is a Landfill", to the jazz of " Strange Fruit ", the country styling of "Lost Highway", and the guitar picking style in "Hallelujah".
He occasionally used slide guitar in live performances as a solo act and used a slide for the introduction of "Last Goodbye" when playing with a full band.
His guitar playing style varied from highly melodic songs, such as " The Twelfth of Never ", to more percussive ones, such as "New Year's Prayer".
When on tour with his band, he used Fender Amplifiers for a clean sound and Mesa Boogie amps for his overdriven tones.
He was primarily a singer and guitarist; however, he also played other instruments on various studio recordings and sessions, including bass , dobro , mandolin , harmonium heard on the intro to " Lover, You Should've Come Over " , organ , dulcimer " Dream Brother " intro , tabla , esraj , harmonica.
After Buckley's death, a collection of demo recordings and a full-length album he had been reworking for his second album were released as Sketches for My Sweetheart the Drunk — the compilation being overseen by his mother, Mary Guibert, band members and old friend Michael J.
Clouse , as well as Chris Cornell. The album achieved gold sales in Australia in A previously unreleased recording of " I Shall Be Released ", sung by Buckley over the phone on live radio, was released on the album For New Orleans.
Since his death, Buckley has been the subject of numerous documentaries: An hour-long documentary about Buckley called Amazing Grace: Jeff Buckley has been shown at various film festivals to critical acclaim.
Buckley's premature death inspired many artists he knew or influenced to write songs in tribute to the late singer. PJ Harvey knew him personally and in the song "Memphis" she takes lines from a song on his unfinished album, "Morning Theft", and in her own words reflects on Buckley's death: The song contains the lyrics "Until the morning thief steals the humming of the Lord", a reference to Buckley's song "Morning Theft".
There are three annual Jeff Buckley tribute events: In , tapes of a recording session for Columbia Records were discovered by Sony executives doing research for the 20th anniversary of Grace.
The recordings are to be released on an album, You and I , scheduled for March and featuring mostly covers of songs recorded previously by other artists.
Buckley fans countered this, launching a campaign with the aim of propelling Buckley's version to the number one spot.
The campaign picked up support through social networking websites and it soon spread to the mainstream media. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Jeff Buckley Buckley in Alternative rock folk rock soul blues. Vocals guitar keyboards piano dulcimer percussion drums.
Shinehead Gods and Monsters. Grace Jeff Buckley album. So Real Live at Nighttown. Sketches for My Sweetheart the Drunk. Archived from the original on Transcribed from Raygun Magazine to jeffbuckley.
Transcribed from The New York Times to jeffbuckley. Continuum International Publishing Group. Transcribed from Musician Magazine to jeffbuckley.
Transcribed from B-Side Magazine to jeffbuckley.